Early Historic Sites (pre-7th century)

PTenno no Mori Tumulus (National Historic Site)
@Location: Goryotsukanokoshi-cho, Nishikyo-ku, Kyoto City

Built during the latter half of the 4th century, at 83 metres long, this is the largest of only several keyhole-shaped tumuli (burial mounds) in Kyoto City. It is believed to be the burial ground for a powerful clan which consolidated its influence on the east side of Katsura River. Locally, the tumulus had long been referred to as 'the resting place of Emperor Montoku.' Excavation has shown that the slopes of the mound, which was constructed in two layers, were covered in slate. Rows of unglazed earthenware sculptures, haniwa, had been embedded around the circumference of the terraces. Today the site is being prepared for preservation as a Historic Park.

Q Hebizuka Tumulus (National Historic Site)
@Location: Omokage-cho, Uzumasa, Ukyo-ku, Kyoto City

This keyhole-shaped tumulus contains the largest known corridor-style stone burial chamber in Kyoto Prefecture. Roughly 75 metres long, it was constructed around the end of the 6th century, supposedly for the Hata clan that ruled the district of Uzumasa.

R Ondogaike Tumulus No. 1 (Kyoto City Registered Historic Site)
@Location: Ondoyama-cho, Narutaki, Ukyo-ku, Kyoto City

This is the largest of a cluster of 26 tombs found in Umegahata, Mukonochi-cho, Ukyo Ward. The mound itself is 30 metres in diameter, while the stone burial chamber is eight metres long. Thought to have been built during the latter half of the 6th century, it is one of the largest circular tombs in the Kyoto region.

Other Early Historic Sites

Name Classification Location A brief outline
Amatsuka Tumulus
National Historic Site Matsumoto-cho, Uzumasa, Ukyo-ku, Kyoto City A keyhole-shaped tumulus built in the early half of the 6th century. Contains two corridor-style stone burial chambers.
Fukunishi Tumulus No. 7 & Tumulus No. 10. Include layers constructed during the Jomon period.
Kyoto City Registered Historic Site Kita Fukunishi-cho, Oe, Nishikyo-ku, Kyoto City. Part of a cluster of tumuli built late in the 6th century. Artifacts from the Jomon period have been unearthed in the lower levels.

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